PhD Journey Day 7 - The most important of effective paper structure


Well, it's still the same old story; it turns out that collecting all the material and getting it back ready in writing takes you more than a week after reading the structure of the paper. At least it's good to put everything in one location. 

  • Abstract 
    • It should inform the reader in a concise manner as to what the article is about and what the significant contributions are that are discussed
    • Start with the introduction
    • background
    • what author has done
    • what contribution to the society 
  • Keyword 
    • 3-8 words
    • the primary concept of the research 
    • it's for the matter of indexing
  1. Title 
    1. No more than 10-15 words 
    2. what captures the immediate attention of the reader 
  2. Introduction 
    1. Intro paragraph 
      1. This is the most important part
      2. every reader will skill this part
      3. It should stimulate the brain 
      4. The literature review should be concise, just two max sentences per previous research 
      5. focus on peer reviewer paper, not a website 
      6. start with a broad attention-getting statement that establishes a general topic for the article
      7. narrow the topic in successive sentences that outline state of the art and introduce a gap in knowledge 
      8. End the introduction with a public statement of the problem and optional supporting/specifying statements 
      9. For example, "there is a long-standing interest in xxx, about both theoretical and practical issue ... 
        1. Interesting
        2. Elaborate the first
        3. Telling the shortcoming 
    2. Middle paragraph
      1. The literature review identifies the seminal historical contributions, outlines.
      2. The state of knowledge and justifies the novelty of the article contribution. 
      3. Main literature _> most important reference -> address to our problem 
      4. What has been published, and what is our contribution
    3. Final paragraph
      1. End of the introduction by outlining for the reader the specific contribution of the article and tell the reader the overall organization of the paper 
      2. Road map of the paragraph 
      3. It outlines the remaining section of the paper 
      4. It's telling each reaction 
      5. Or jump to a specific section 
    4. How to organize them 
      1. Background to the topic (past verb tense)
        1. What is known or believed by the big society 
        2. Tell also about the minus. However, there is a shortcoming in x that are not addressed. 
        3. Importance of the topic. 
      2. Statement of the research question 
        1. To determine whether 
        2. the purpose of this study was to 
        3. This study was undertaken to 
      3. The approach took to answer the question (past)
  3. Methods
    1. Describe all of the techniques to obtain a result in a separate, objective method section
    2. It depends on your research. It can be long or short tell why you choose this method. Don't bash another define how you get the result 
    3. If it contains an analytical and different sections of each method 
    4. Example
      1. Physical and Mathematical consistency of... 
        1. Physical consistency ... 
        2. Mathematical consistency ... 
      2. Description of ...
      3. Variation of ...
    5. Or can be 
      1. Theory of 
        1. Bla Bla
        2. bla bla 
  4. Results 
    1. Should be clear, convincing, and general and should be free from interpretation or opinion 
    2. This is the most flexible section and the following discussion section 
    3. the result is the only result but both the conclusion
    4. just proof that the method works 
    5. sometimes result mixed with discussion (but please avoid that)
    6. Providing data before a conclusion 
  5. Discussion 
    1. interpret the result to reach the main conclusion of the article 
    2. The most beautiful part
    3. Explain the achievement 
    4. Your argument going here 
    5. The section that compares the model 
    6. How the result compare with previous work
    7. What is new and significant 
    8. Direction to conclusion
    9. This is the place you have the most freedom 
    10. Simply presenting the validity of your research 
  6. Summary and conclusion 
    1. Summary and conclusion tell the reader what he already read and draws the critical decision. Keep it short and make it as specific as possible. 
    2. Don't brag 
    3. It merely summarises and clouds 
    4. A bit longer than abstract 
    5. two paragraph maximum 

If you need the template of the Elsevier manuscript, here is the link 

And the Elsevier format with my note can be downloaded herheree and also this with aligned fonLinkt

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